Cycle safety review

On 21st September 2017, the government launched an “urgent review into cycle safety” following the tragic death of a pedestrian who had been ridden into by a cyclist riding a track bike with no front brake.

The first sentence of the review says “following a series of high profile incidents” and the Transport Minister Jesse Norman is quoted as saying “given recent cases, it is only right..”.

There has only been one recent high profile case.

The review will be in two phases. Phase one will “analyse the case for creating a new offence equivalent to causing death or serious injury by careless or dangerous driving to help protect both cyclists and pedestrians.” It is unclear how bringing in new laws against them will “protect cyclists”!

The second phase will “be a wider consultation on road safety issues relating to cycling […] and will consider different ways in which safety can be further improved between cyclists, pedestrians and motorists.”

Laura Laker response in The Guardian – “Minister’s call for cyclists to behave is more headline-grabbing hypocrisy

Norman’s response to that article (also in The Guardian): We want to make our roads safer for everyone – especially cyclists

Of course Norman’s response ignores Laker’s central point, which is that the DfT continues to ignore the demands to carry out the promised review of 2014 of all road sentencing, but one cyclist case that generates tabloid headlines is enough to trigger an urgent review. Why is this hypocrisy?… because Norman himself urged us to avoid rushes to judgement when celebrating Edmund Burke in an FT OpEd.

It seems a given that a new cycling law will be brought in, even though the cyclist in the track bike case didn’t actually receive the maximum sentence for the “wanton and furious cycling” offence he was guilty of.

Where the real battle begins is “phase two”. Given that Norman wrote to all cycling organisations asking them to tell how cyclists how to behave, it is clear that he doesn’t treat them equally with motorists, however much of a “keen cyclist” he may be. Can you imagine a transport minister writing to the AA, RAC, Road Haulage Association etc, every time a car-related death occurred (which is about 5 times a day)?

So what might Norman have in mind.. well here are at least five times , a transport minister has been pressed in Parliament to introduce a mandatory cycle helmet (and the first link shows the pressure has been there for decades). Let’s hope they don’t propose both helmets and hi-viz and then water it down to just one of those (in the spirit of “compromise”). Such clear victim-blaming and piling on of the out-group will discourage cycling further, making it all the more dangerous for those left, despite the obvious pro-health and anti-pollution benefits that MORE cycling would bring.





Project Thames Crossings

As a side-project to my squares project, I’m also keeping track of which Thames crossings I’ve “done”.

I’ve chopped things up into the following categories:

  • Road/bridges tunnels navigable by bike: I must’ve ridden across/ for them to “count”. Example: Waterloo Bridge.
  • Foot bridges and tunnels: I must’ve ridden or wheeled my bike across/through these for them to count. Example: Greenwich Foot Tunnel.
  • Railway bridges and tunnels: I’m counting these if I’ve been on the relevant train/tube/DLR line – the bike doesn’t have to have come with me. Example: Kingston Railway Bridge
  • Ferries: If the ferry allows bikes to come on board (and most do) then the bike must come for it to count. Example: Hammerton’s Ferry.
  • Roads inaccessible to bike: If the road has some custom arrangement for bikes (e.g. Dartford crossing), I must use that custom arrangement. Otherwise any type of crossing will count. Example: M3 Bridge at Chertsey.
  • Other. One in this case – Emirates “Air Line” Cable car. I did not take the bike when I went on this, but I believe you can.

Within each category, crossings are listed in most-downstream order first. Links in the first column lead to a Wikipedia page or similar resource. Links in the third column lead to a Strava activity where I “ticked” the crossing.

Road bridges / tunnels navigable by bike (58/74 crossed)

Rotherhithe Tunnel Road tunnel DONE
Tower Bridge Road bridge DONE
London Bridge Road bridge DONE
Southwark Bridge Road bridge DONE
Blackfriars road bridge Road bridge DONE
Waterloo Bridge Road bridge DONE
Westminster Bridge Road bridge DONE
Lambeth Bridge Road bridge DONE
Vauxhall Bridge Road bridge DONE
Chelsea Bridge Road bridge DONE
Albert Bridge Road bridge DONE
Battersea Bridge Road bridge DONE
Wandsworth Bridge Road bridge DONE
Putney Bridge Road bridge DONE
Hammersmith Bridge Road bridge DONE
Chiswick Bridge / A316 Road bridge DONE
Kew Bridge Road bridge DONE
Twickenham Bridge Road bridge DONE
Richmond Bridge Road bridge DONE
Kingston Bridge Road bridge DONE
Hampton Court Bridge Road bridge DONE
Walton Bridge Road bridge DONE
Chertsey Bridge Road bridge DONE
Staines Bridge Road bridge DONE
M25 / A30 Runnymede Bridge Road bridge DONE
Albert Bridge (Datchet) Road bridge DONE
Victoria Bridge (Datchet) Road bridge DONE
Windsor Bridge Road bridge DONE
Queen Elizabeth Windsor Bridge Road bridge DONE
Maidenhead Bridge Road bridge DONE
Cookham Bridge Road bridge DONE
Marlow bypass / A404 bridge Road bridge TODO
Marlow Bridge Road bridge DONE
Henley Bridge Road bridge DONE
Sonning Bridge Road bridge DONE
Reading Bridge Road bridge DONE
Caversham Bridge Road bridge DONE
Whitchurch Bridge (Pangbourne) Road bridge TODO
Goring and Streatley Bridge Road bridge DONE
Winterbrook Bridge (A4130 / Wallingford Bridge) Road bridge DONE
Wallingford Bridge Road bridge DONE
Shillingford Bridge Road bridge DONE
Clifton Hampden Bridge Road bridge DONE
Sutton Bridge Road bridge TODO
Abingdon Bridge Road bridge DONE
Isis Bridge (A423 Oxford Ring Road) Road bridge DONE
Donnington Bridge Road bridge DONE
Folly Bridge Road bridge DONE
Osney Bridge Road bridge DONE
Godstow Bridge Road bridge TODO
Thames Bridge / A34 Road Bridge Road bridge TODO
Swinford Toll Bridge Road bridge DONE
Newbridge Road bridge DONE
Tadpool Bridge Road bridge TODO
Radcot Bridge Road bridge TODO
St John’s Bridge, Lechlade Road bridge DONE
Halfpenny Bridge Road bridge TODO
Hannington Bridge Road bridge TODO
Castle Eaton Bridge Road bridge TODO
A419 Road Bridge (Cricklade bypass) Road bridge DONE
Cricklade Town Bridge Road bridge DONE
Bridge at Waterhay Road bridge DONE
Bridge on High Road, Ashton Keynes Road bridge DONE
Bridge on The Derry, Ashton Keynes Road bridge DONE
Bridge on Gosditch, Ashton Keynes Road bridge DONE
Bridge on Church Walk, Ashton Keynes Road bridge DONE
Bridge on B4696, Ashton Keynes Road bridge TODO
Bridges on Mill Lake Walk x4 Road bridge TODO
Bridge on Oaksey Road (aka Spine Road W) Road bridge TODO
Neigh Bridge Road bridge TODO
Bridge south of Ewen Road bridge TODO
Bridge west of Ewen (Parker’s Bridge) Road bridge DONE
A429 Bridge North of Kemble Road bridge TODO
A433 Bridge Road Road bridge DONE

Footbridges and tunnels

Woolwich foot tunnel Foot tunnel TODO
Greenwich foot tunnel Foot tunnel TODO
Millennium Bridge (“Wobbly bridge”) Foot bridge DONE
Hungerford Bridge Rail / foot bridge DONE
Barnes Railway Bridge Rail / foot bridge DONE
Richmond Lock and Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Teddington Lock Footbridge Footbridge DONE
Summerleaze Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Bourne End Railway Bridge Rail / foot bridge TODO
Temple Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Hambleden Lock Foot bridge TODO
Caversham Lock Foot bridge TODO
Christchurch Bridge (opened 2015) Foot bridge TODO
Benson Lock Footbridge TODO
Little Wittenham Bridge Foot bridge TODO
Day’s Lock bridge Foot bridge TODO
Sutton Pools footbridges Foot bridge TODO
Culham Lock footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Abingdon Lock bridge Foot bridge TODO
Sandford Lock bridge Foot bridge TODO
Iffley Lock Foot bridge TODO
Grandpont Bridge, Oxford Foot bridge TODO
Gasworks Bridge, Oxford Foot bridge TODO
Medley Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Pinkhill Lock Foot bridge TODO
Hart’s Weir Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Duxford Ford and Shifford Lock Cut Foot bridge TODO
Tenfoot Bridge Foot bridge TODO
Rushey Lock Foot bridge TODO
Old Man’s Bridge Foot bridge TODO
Eaton Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Buscot Lock Foot bridge TODO
Bloomers Hole Footbridge Foot bridge TODO
Water Eaton House Bridge Foot bridge TODO
Eysey Footbridge Foot bridge TODO

Railway bridges and tunnels

High Speed 1 tunnels Rail DONE
DLR / Woolwich Arsenal DLR TODO
Jubilee Line (Canary Wharf -> North Greenwich) Tube DONE
DLR / Cutty Sark DLR DONE
Jubilee Line (Canada Water -> Canary Wharf) Tube DONE
Thames Tunnel (London Overground: Rotherhithe to Wapping) London overground DONE
Northern Line (City Branch) Tube DONE
Cannon Street rail bridge Rail DONE
Blackfriars rail bridge Rail DONE
Waterloo and City Line tunnel Tube DONE
Northern Line (Charing Cross Branch) Tube DONE
Bakerloo Line Tube DONE
Jubilee Line Tube DONE
Victoria Line Tube DONE
Victoria rail bridge / Grosvenor Bridge Rail DONE
Battersea Rail Bridge (London Overground) London overground DONE
Fulham Railway Bridge (District Line to Wimbledon) Tube TODO
Kew Railway Bridge (Overground/Underground to Richmond) Tube / overground DONE
Richmond Railway Bridge Rail DONE
Kingston Rail Bridge Rail TODO
Staines Railway Bridge Rail DONE
Black Potts Railway Bridge (into W&E Riverside) Rail DONE
Windsor Railway Bridge (into W&E Central) Rail TODO
Maidenhead Railway Bridge (GWR mainline) Rail DONE
Shiplake Railway Bridge (Henley branch line) Rail TODO
Gatehampton Railway Bridge (GWR mainline) Rail DONE
Moulsford Railway Bridge (GWR mainline) Rail DONE
Appleford Railway Bridge (Cherwell Valley line – Reading to Oxford) Rail DONE
Nuneham Railway Bridge (Cherwell Valley line – Reading to Oxford) Rail DONE
Kennington Railway Bridge (Cowley branch line) Rail TODO
Osney Railway Bridge (Cherwell Valley Line – Reading to Oxford) Rail DONE


Gravesend-Tilbury ferry Ferry TODO
Woolwich ferry Ferry DONE
Canary Wharf / Rotherhithe Ferry Ferry TODO
Hammerton’s Ferry Ferry TODO
Hampton Ferry Ferry TODO
Shepperton to Weybridge Ferry Ferry TODO

Roads inaccessible to bikes

Dartford crossing southbound No bikes road bridge TODO
Dartford crossing northbound No bikes road tunnel TODO
Blackwall Tunnel southbound No bikes road tunnel TODO
Blackwall Tunnel northbound No bikes road tunnel TODO
M3 Chertsey Bridge Road bridge (motorway) DONE
M4 bridge at Maidenhead Road bridge (motorway) DONE


Emirates Air Line Cable car DONE

Clumps are now clusters

After a very active discussion on the Ride Every Tile Strava club (first one I’ve seen with 100 comments actually), it is great to see we have a solution to the “impossible-to-visit squares” problem. And that solution is “max cluster”. The idea of a maximum cluster is very similar to the idea of “max clump” described earlier on this blog . In fact the algorithm is the same, it is just the name that has improved. Although I am biased because I played a role in their creation, I do think clumps are a reasonable solution to the impossible squares problem because

  • No matter how many impossible squares you have, you can join the max clump game. In the worst case you pay a “fine” of 5 points for not visiting a square, and if there are a number of unvisitables next to each other, the cost per square works out less than 5.
  • The cluster metric adapts to whatever topology is in your area. If there’s a coastline that does go north/south or east/west, you can make a pretty pattern by visiting everywhere along the coasts.
  • The max square score is a very slow-growing score (like Eddington number it grows with the square root of effort) so it requires long-term patience to increase. The max cluster on the other hand brings more instant gratification.
  • Even if max square is working out nicely for you, it is still another thing to look at VeloViewer.
  • As a bonus, the map UI in VeloViewer has become much more sophisticated (details at Ben’s post here). Amongst other things, you can see cluster and visited-squares colour the same if you want to, recovering the old UI.


Using the new flexible UI to show the damage the Squarpocalypse has done!

A further bonus is that some of Ben’s legions of followers on Twitter/Facebook have been attracted Ride Every Tile, and we now have over 180 members (from about 40 two weeks ago). And with that influx, there’s been some great new ideas. In particular “Half-Fast” Mike who rides in and around Tokyo has shared a great idea for getting squares to be displayed on your Garmin Edge as you are out and about – increasing the chances that you will actually bag all the squares you hope to bag on a ride – full details here

Finally, the race to recover lost squares following the Squarpocalypse has heated up. I dragged myself out of bed (again) to do a very similar route to the last time I dragged myself out of bed (ride report here for that one ) except this time I would bag the four squares that I had missed. Despite leaving home 12 minutes later than target (4.42am) I reached work at 8.04am, four minutes later than target – traffic lights aren’t always more red than you think they ought to be. This got me back to 32×32. At the time of writing this actually third on the leaderboard, but the situation is very fluid.

As always, there was something unexpectedly pretty or interesting on a squares ride… I had to loop round the South Mimms services to bag a square just outside Potters Bar. Service stations are normally pretty awful places (Sartre wasn’t talking about services when he said “L’enfer, c’est les autres” but the phrase always comes to mind) and South Mimms, at the junction of the M1 and M25 is pretty typical so it was lovely to discover that the village of South Mymms has many centuries of history and a church that dates to 1136. As usual I regret not stopping to get photos – some at

Strava link for the ride:





Clump examples

[19th June 2017: Updated to add: Ben VeloViewer has now done a better proof-of-concept – check out your own VeloViewer map  for an example! Also see Ben’s Facebook post for more details and for your chance to vote on the name for this new thing. At the moment it looks like “cluster” will win out over “clump”.]

The pictures below show some example “max clumps” for real data. The “max clumps” shown here are calculated using the following rules:

  •  A square is in a clump if
    • You have visited it
    • You have visited all four squares that are adjacent to that square.
  • If two adjacent squares are both in a clump they are in the “same clump”
  • Divide up all your visited squares into clumps. The clump with the most squares in it is called the max clump.

These rules are not set in stone or sent by God or anything else that. They are just some choices that seem to create some nice patterns.

(more commentary follows below the pictures)


My max clump


The max clump of the rider who was North American leader before “Squarepocalypse”


The max clump of the rider who was UK leader before “Squarepocalypse”

I quite like the middle map – it clearly shows that the cyclist in question has really been up and down everywhere on the New England coast.

All three maps feature lots of cross shapes. These are due to me generating the data in the days immediately after the squarepocalypse. If there is a missing square then not only is that square missing from your clump, but also the four squares adjacent to it aren’t included either This has the effect that a missing square has slightly multiplied effect on your “clump score” – meaning that you should still try hard to visit every square. But if there are truly unreachable squares, then you aren’t crippled from playing the squares game – you just get a 5 point penalty effectively.

Feedback welcome at the Ride Every Tile Strava club .

An alternative measure to “max square”

There has been a discussion about how to take account of “inaccessible squares” in the max square challenge ( ).

Here is what I wrote so far on this. Plan to expand this with more examples of the clump idea.

“I agree with Nils that it raises the prospect of endless debate about what counts as inaccessible. E.g. someone on Facebook already posed the question about dual carriageways – certainly many people don’t like riding on them for good reasons, but they are not inaccessible. It just adds extra motivation for a 4am Sunday ride.

“Similarly there are very-hard-to-visit places – power stations, large factories, some military areas. I have the germ of an idea that we could set up something like the Association of British Tile Cyclists (or something similar grand, or indeed for Belgium). This could be an “official” entity that can make access requests which may be more successful than individual requests. It would also be an way of setting up occasional group rides which have a stated goal of tiling a particular area (so frustrating when you do a sportive that misses a few out in the middle…. 🙂 )”

“Having said all that, there are going to be areas where even the most determined can’t get to – there are military areas where even the military don’t go – e.g. firing ranges of certain types have a build up of unexploded unordances. You’re not going there, even on an open day. So, the idea of some sort of different metric does have some appeal. But those proposed on Facebook, e.g. “98% of 40×40″, are also unsatisfying. It is difficult to have a leaderboard comparing 100% of 38×38 versus 98% of 40×40. And we all like a leaderboard :-)”

“So I’ve been fumbling around for an alternate metric. Of course one possibility is just “total tiles” as already reported by VeloViewer. Another possibility, is to define a “clump”. A square is in your clump if you been to that square and to three of the four adjacent squares. Then measure how many squares are in your clump. This clump measure rewards people like Phill and Eric who have been to huge swathes of their area, but which aren’t square-shaped. It is also quite robust against a single hole due to an inccessible. But it is doesn’t reward a single track of squares. E.g. if you just cycled from London to Paris you clump size would be near zero as all you have is a long streaky path – you haven’t been “everywhere” in that area. 



Squartasrophe! Squarpocalypse! Squarmageddon!

Yes the date of Wednesday 14th June 2017 will live long in the memory of avid square-fillers. I was casually doing my daily VeloViewer refresh when a glance at my “max square” field on the summary had me choking on the contents of my bidon. Having rather smugly expected to see my recently-achieved “50×50” shining back at me, the colour fell from my face at the sight of a mere “20×20”. Surely some mistake??

I frantically switched to the map view on the activities tab, switched on Explorer mode and zoomed in. There it was in red and slightly paler red… my square was a shriveled up ghost of its former self. Dotted amongst the old, lost square dozens of squares were now showing as unvisited. I zoomed right into them and, sure enough,  none of the ride lines actually DID go into those squares. But the day before they had shown as visited… so.. had I been there or not? What was going on?

In truth Ben Lowe, the magnificent impresario who makes VeloViewer happen, had warned us that the squarpocalypse was coming in this RideEveryTile post (further warnings in this Facebook post ).

Previously the algorithm for deciding what squares you have been in had to cope with the fact that it was only using summary data from your Strava data. This led to the possibility of squares being visited not being counted (e.g. if a road was a bit bendy, nipped into a square and out again, then the summary straight line might not capture this). Now people don’t like missing out on hard-earned squares, so Ben worked-around the issue by allowing a “buffer” of 100m around the squares. But this mean instead of false negatives (visited squares showing as unvisited) it allowed the possibility of false positives (unvisited squares showing as visited just because you’d been within 100 metres of them).

Now Ben has been able to implement a more accurate algorithm that can truly determine whether a particular ride goes through a particular square (I think by looking at all the Strava data, not just the summary). So there is no need for the buffer anymore. So Ben removed it.

And all us tilers discovered how much we had (almost certainly accidentally) been relying on the buffer to grab us a few squares!

[19th June 2017: Edited to add: The above makes it sounds like Ben forced this change upon the tiling community – this is not true – he did get the express 100% approval before going ahead. Also Ben has now put out his own blog post on the new algorithm – his post is sure to be far more accurate on the details than this one]

All is not lost

It is possible to recover some squares without even leaving the house!

Though the buffer is gone, all your previously uploaded rides still have the squares data associated with them that was generated using the old summary-data-only algorithm. This means you can end up with situations as shown in the image below:


The bottom left square is shown as unvisited, but you can tell from the ride track which road I must have been on, and that road takes me through the bottom left square. Unfortunately the old algorithm didn’t capture this. However help is at hand. Simply double-click on the red line to load the details of that ride. Whilst you reminisce about what a lovely ride that was, behind the scenes the data for that ride is being refreshed to use the new accurate algorithm rather than the old. If we now go back to the map page and force-refresh the page (I used Ctrl+F5 in Chrome), we find the square is now showing as visited:


Of the 2500 squares that previously made up my 50×50 square, 58 of them were showing as unvisited without the buffer. By selectively refreshing a few rides to use the new algorithm, this has come down to 45.

It’s not really the apocalypse is it?

Whilst most of who’ve been building up our max square for many months will surely have some momentary disappointment at it all seemingly disappearing, in truth it is almost the apocalypse – it is a great thing. Here presented to us on a plate is a copper-bottomed excuse to go out and visit more squares. Properly This Time.


As dawn broke the day after the apocalypse, I got right on with doing them Properly This Time. By extending my commute by a mere 10 miles, I was able to pick up a square that I’d never been to before (Strava link ; the new square is the little nubbin close to A3/M25 junction)

CS9 : Part 3

CS9 was mentioned tangentially in an email from City Hall following  new(ish) Walking and Cycling Commissioner Will Norman’s interview in the Guardian today. The email (quoted more fully on ) says “Consultation on Cycle Superhighway 9 (the route from Kensington Olympia to Hounslow) will take place in the summer (including tackling Chiswick Roundabout / Kew Bridge Junction)”.  With Hammersmith gyratory plans now post-consultation ( my notes are here ) it is good to know that the Kew Bridge to A4 run, the next most crazy bit of the A315 commute, will also eventually be tackled.